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Tisha B’Av History

Tisha Beav

Tisha B’Av, the ninth of Av, is a full day of fasting and mourning. The month of Av usually falls in the height of the summer. Even with regard to climate, it was the driest time of the year, and thus a time of sadness and uncertainty until the rains came again.

Although the festival commemorates the destruction of both Temples, the main historical sources are in dispute about exactly when the Temples were destroyed. Some say the first Temple was destroyed either on the seventh or the 10th of Av in 586 B.C.E. by Nebuchadnezzar (king of Babylonia), and the second Temple was destroyed on the 10th (70 C.E. by Titus).

The rabbinic authorities decided to mark the ninth as the official date of remembering their destruction.

Tisha B’Av is the saddest day in the Jewish calendar, and over the centuries many tragic events happened — or were traditionally said to have happened — on this date. These include the capture of Bethar, which marked the final defeat of Bar Kokhba‘s rebellion against the Romans, and the razing of Jerusalem by the Romans. The edict of King Edward I compelling the Jews of England to leave the country was signed on the ninth of Av in 1290, the Jews were expelled from Spain on that day in 1492, and World War I broke out in 1914. The sadness and mourning that Jews feel on this day are reflected in the various practices of Tisha B’Av, including abstaining from joyous activities like study of Torah, from eating and drinking, from sexual activity, and from wearing leather.

The ancient rabbinic sages held that the ninth of Av was preordained to be a day of tragedy. The Talmud states that God marked this day for tragedy because of the incident in Numbers 13-14 that took place in the wilderness on this day. Moses had sent spies to scout the Promised Land, and based on their frightened report, the people wept at the prospect of entering such a formidable land full of giants. God declared to them, “You wept without cause; I will therefore make this an eternal day of mourning for you.” The Talmudic tractate Taanit states that God then decreed that on the ninth of Av the Temple would be destroyed and Israel would go into exile.

http://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/tisha-bav-history/

Parashat Mas’ei – Beginning the Journey

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Please find attached Parashat Mas’ei by Rabbi Ariel Konstantyn.

Rabbi Ariel Konstantyn is the rabbi of Beit El, the Tel Aviv Synagogue, and the Founding President of ME – Tzion–The Institute of Zionism and Jewish Heritage,as well as a rabbinic consultant for Tzohar.
Please press here: Parashat_Masei__-_eng

Parashat Pinchas / Leadership in Times of Darkness

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There is a powerful, yet seemingly unfair, contrast between the reward which Pinchas received for his deed and the reward which Moses did not receive for similar deeds.

When the Jewish people were encamped in Shittim, they became Pinchas was the hero of the moment!promiscuous with the local Midianite women and started worshipping their idols. Zimri, the prince of Simeon, even went so far as to publicly flaunt his Midianite paramour, Cozbi. Pinchas was the hero of the moment. In an act of great self-sacrifice, putting his own life in danger, risking revenge by the tribe of Simeon, Pinchas killed both Zimri and Cozbi, thus stopping the plague that ravaged the Jewish people.

The Torah relates the dramatic story:

Then an Israelite man came and brought the Midianite woman to his brethren, before the eyes of Moses and before the eyes of the entire congregation of the children of Israel, while they were weeping at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.

Pinchas the son of Elazar the son of Aaron the kohen saw this, arose from the congregation and took a spear in his hand.

He went after the Israelite man into the chamber, and drove [it through] both of them—the Israelite man, and the woman through her stomach—and the plague ceased from the children of Israel.

For more please visit http://www.chabad.org/parshah/article_cdo/aid/3387299/jewish/Leadership-in-Times-of-Darkness.htm

 

Parashat Balak / The Blind Spot

 

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Please find attached parashat Balak by Rabbi Uri Fish.

Rabbi Uri Fish is involved in Tzohar Le’Hakika, is the rabbi of the Nachalat Yehuda community in Ma’ale Admuim and is an educational psychologist.

Please press here: Parashat_Balak_-_eng.docx

Parashat Chukat – When the People and their Leadership both Fail

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Please find attached Parashat Chukat by Rabbi Shaul Baruchi.

Rabbi Shaul Baruchi is a member of the marriage department of the Tzohar organization

Parashat Korach

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Please find attached Parashat Korach Hebrew version here: parashat_korach_-_heb

 

Parashat Schlach

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Please find attached Parashat Schlach here  parashat_shlach

Behaalotecha in a Nutshell

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Aaron is commanded to raise light in the lamps of the menorah, and the tribe of Levi is initiated into the service in the Sanctuary.

A Second Passover is instituted in response to the petition “Why should we be deprived?” by a group of Jews who were unable to bring the Passover offering in its appointed time because they were ritually impure. G‑d instructs Moses on the procedures for Israel’s journeys and encampments in the desert, and the people journey in formation from Mount Sinai, where they had been camped for nearly a year.

The people are dissatisfied with their “bread from heaven” (the manna), and demand that Moses supply them with meat. Moses appoints 70 elders, to whom he imparts of his spirit, to assist him in the burden of governing the people. Miriam speaks negatively of Moses, and is punished with leprosy; Moses prays for her healing, and the entire community waits seven days for her recovery.

http://www.chabad.org/

Parashat Naso – Above and Together with the People

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Please find attached Parashat Naso by Rabbi Benayahu Bronner.

Rabbi Benayahu Bronner is the director of the Beit Midrash for men and the Seminary for women at the Tzfat Academic College, the rabbi of the Religious-Zionist community in Tzfat, the head of a rabbinical court for monetary affairs and a rabbinical court for conversion, and a Tzohar rabbi.

Press here: Parashat_Naso-_eng

 

Parashat Bamidbar

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Please find attached Parashat Bamidbar heb. version here: parashat_bamidbar

We added new item – Parashat Vayakhel – Wisdom of the Crowd
We added new items to Recommended readings section.
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