News and Notices

International Holocaust Remembrance Day

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Members of the Council of national minorities of the National assembly of Republic of Srpska joined the World Jewish Congress campaign #WeRemember and approaching commemoration of International Holocaust Remembrance Day this Friday 27, January.

Thanks to tens of thousands of people from all over the world who have posted their pictures holding #WeRemember signs campaign became global. Photos are being shown at Auschwitz- Birkenau, where hundreds of thousands of Jews were murdered.

http://www.worldjewishcongress.org/en

 

Vayechi in a Nutshell

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Jacob lives the final 17 years of his life in Egypt. Before his passing, he asks Joseph to take an oath that he will bury him in the Holy Land. He blesses Joseph’s two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim, elevating them to the status of his own sons as progenitors of tribes within the nation of Israel.

The patriarch desires to reveal the end of days to his children, but is prevented from doing so.

Jacob blesses his sons, assigning to each his role as a tribe: Judah will produce leaders, legislators and kings; priests will come from Levi, scholars from Issachar, seafarers from Zebulun, schoolteachers from Simeon, soldiers from Gad, judges from Dan, olive-growers from Asher, and so on. Reuben is rebuked for “confusing his father’s marriage bed”; Simeon and Levi, for the massacre of Shechem and the plot against Joseph. Naphtali is granted the swiftness of a deer, Benjamin the ferociousness of a wolf, and Joseph is blessed with beauty and fertility.

A large funeral procession consisting of Jacob’s descendants, Pharaoh’s ministers, the leading citizens of Egypt and the Egyptian cavalry accompanies Jacob on his final journey to the Holy Land, where he is buried in the Machpelah Cave in Hebron.

Joseph, too, dies in Egypt, at the age of 110. He, too, instructs that his bones be taken out of Egypt and buried in the Holy Land, but this would come to pass only with the Israelitesexodus from Egypt many years later. Before his passing, Joseph conveys to the Children of Israel the testament from which they will draw their hope and faith in the difficult years to come: “G‑d will surely remember you, and bring you up out of this land to the land of which He swore to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.”

Source: http://www.chabad.org/

The film Three Days in Budva

Budva, Montenegro, November 2016 – this attractive city by the Adriatic Sea was chosen by Mr. Jasha Alfandari, the Head of the Jewish community in Podgorica (Montenegro), to host the fourth conference of “MAHAR” supported by the World Jewish Congress, the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress and the government of Montenegro. Thirty four Jewish communities from twelve countries from Europe and elsewhere

 

Vayeitzei in a Nutshell

 

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Jacob leaves his hometown of Beersheba and journeys to Charan. On the way, he encounters “the place” and sleeps there, dreaming of a ladder connecting heaven and earth, with angels climbing and descending on it; G‑d appears and promises that the land upon which he lies will be given to his descendants. In the morning, Jacob raises the stone on which he laid his head as an altar and monument, pledging that it will be made the house of G‑d.

In Haran, Jacob stays with and works for his uncle Laban, tending Laban’s sheep. Laban agrees to give him his younger daughter, Rachel—whom Jacob loves—in marriage, in return for seven years’ labor. But on the wedding night, Laban gives him his elder daughter, Leah, instead—a deception Jacob discovers only in the morning. Jacob marries Rachel, too, a week later, after agreeing to work another seven years for Laban.

Leah gives birth to six sons—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun—and a daughter, Dinah, while Rachel remains barren. Rachel gives Jacob her handmaid, Bilhah, as a wife to bear children in her stead, and two more sons, Dan and Naphtali, are born. Leah does the same with her handmaid, Zilpah, who gives birth to Gad and Asher. Finally, Rachel’s prayers are answered and she gives birth to Joseph.

Jacob has now been in Charan for fourteen years, and wishes to return home. But Laban persuades him to remain, now offering him sheep in return for his labor. Jacob prospers, despite Laban’s repeated attempts to swindle him. After six years, Jacob leaves Charan in stealth, fearing that Laban would prevent him from leaving with the family and property for which he labored. Laban pursues Jacob, but is warned by G‑d in a dream not to harm him. Laban and Jacob make a pact on Mount Gal-Ed, attested to by a pile of stones, and Jacob proceeds to the Holy Land, where he is met by angels.

Mahar conference Budva, Montenegro

Members of Doboj Jewish community participated at Mahar conference in Budva, Montenegro. Please see more details about the event.

Fri, 04 Nov 2016

Budva, Montenegro – More than 400 people from 15 countries in southeast and central Europe gathered in this small Balkan town on Thursday for the fourth annual Mahar Conference, aimed at strengthening the cultural identity and community of Jews around the region and their relationship with Israel.

Mahar 2016, being held through Sunday, is an initiative of the Jewish community of Montenegro supported by the World Jewish Congress, the Euro-Asian Jewish Congress and the government of Montenegro. 

The conference is attended by delegates from Bosnia-Hercegovina, Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Romania, Turkey, and as far away as Hungary.

World Jewish Congress President Ronald S. Lauder sent his best wishes to the conference, with the message:

“‘Kol Yisrael Arevim Zeh b’Zeh’ – all Jews are responsible for one another: that Talmudic phrase is the raison d’être of the World Jewish Congress. Mahar is a wonderful example of this tenet: bringing together Jews from many countries to share experiences, learn, and enjoy the richness of Jewish culture and heritage.Unfortunately, these are troubling times for Jews and Jewish communities around the world. Anti-Semitism is again on the rise. In some countries Jews are being attacked, just for being Jews. But, fortunately, we have not seen this phenomenon in Montenegro. And Jews continue to feel safe here, and in the other countries of this region.”

Following a welcome address by Montenegrin Jewish Community President Jasha Alfandri, a video message from Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was broadcast to the delegates.

In a keynote address to follow, the president of the Republic of Montenegro, Filip Vujanović spoke of the anti-fascist past and present of the small Balkan country, emphasizing that it has now become a beacon of interfaith tolerance and dialogue.

Two WJC vice presidents attended the conference, and spoke at the opening ceremomy: Andras Heisler, WJC VP and President of the Hungarian Jewish  Community,  who came with 26 members of the Hungarian community to participate in Mahar, and Mikhail Chlenov, WJC VP and President of the Vaad of Russia and EAJC Secretary General.

Two Israeli ambassadors were also present at the conference, including  Ambassador to Montenegro Alona Fisher-Kamm, who spoke at the opening, and Ambassador of Israel to Macedonia Dan Oryan . Both expressed the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ deep support for the initiative.

Over the course of the weekend events, delegates will attend lectures and panels with a diverse range of experts, including Benny Davidson, who was among the hostages in Entebbe in 1976, and Avner Avraham, a former high-ranking officer in the Mossad; Ami Ayalon, the former director general of the Shin Bet; Israeli journalist Shimon Shiffer; Dr.s Sonja Tomovic and Dr. Zarko Korac, experts on the rise of far-right political movements in the former Yugoslavia; and Dr. Eli Tauber, author of the book “Secrets of the Sephardic Kitchen.”

Parshat Noach

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G‑d instructs Noah—the only righteous man in a world consumed by violence and corruption—to build a large wooden teivah (“ark”), coated within and without with pitch. A great deluge, says G‑d, will wipe out all life from the face of the earth; but the ark will float upon the water, sheltering Noah and his family, and two members (male and female) of each animal species.

Rain falls for 40 days and nights, and the waters churn for 150 days more before calming and beginning to recede. The ark settles on Mount Ararat, and from its window Noah dispatches a raven, and then a series of doves, “to see if the waters were abated from the face of the earth.” When the ground dries completely—exactly one solar year (365 days) after the onset of the Flood—G‑d commands Noah to exit the teivah and repopulate the earth.

Noah builds an altar and offers sacrifices to G‑d. G‑d swears never again to destroy all of mankind because of their deeds, and sets the rainbow as a testimony of His new covenant with man. G‑d also commands Noah regarding the sacredness of life: murder is deemed a capital offense, and while man is permitted to eat the meat of animals, he is forbidden to eat flesh or blood taken from a living animal.

Noah plants a vineyard and becomes drunk on its produce. Two of Noah’s sons, Shem and Japheth, are blessed for covering up their father’s nakedness, while his third son, Ham, is punished for taking advantage of his debasement.

The descendants of Noah remain a single people, with a single language and culture, for ten generations. Then they defy their Creator by building a great tower to symbolize their own invincibility; G‑d confuses their language so that “one does not comprehend the tongue of the other,” causing them to abandon their project and disperse across the face of the earth, splitting into seventy nations.

The Parshah of Noach concludes with a chronology of the ten generations from Noah to Abram (later Abraham), and the latter’s journey from his birthplace of Ur Casdim to Charan, on the way to the land of Canaan.

 

Bereishit in a Nutshell

G‑d creates the world in six days. On the first day He makes darkness and light. On the second day He forms the heavens, dividing the “upper waters” from the “lower waters.” On the third day He sets the boundaries of land and sea, and calls forth trees and greenery from the earth. On the fourth day He fixes the position of the sun, moon and stars as timekeepers and illuminators of the earth. Fish, birds and reptiles are created on the fifth day; land animals, and then the human being, on the sixth. G‑d ceases work on the seventh day, and sanctifies it as a day of rest.

G‑d forms the human body from the dust of the earth, and blows into his nostrils a “living soul.” Originally Man is a single person, but deciding that “it is not good that man be alone,” G‑d takes a “side” from the man, forms it into a woman, and marries them to each other.

Adam and Eve are placed in the Garden of Eden, and commanded not to eat from the “Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil.” The serpent persuades Eve to violate the command, and she shares the forbidden fruit with her husband. Because of their sin, it is decreed that man will experience death, returning to the soil from which he was formed, and that all gain will come only through struggle and hardship. Man is banished from the Garden.

Eve gives birth to two sons, Cain and Abel. Cain quarrels with Abel and murders him, and becomes a rootless wanderer. A third son, Seth, is born to Adam; Seth’s eighth-generation descendant, Noah, is the only righteous man in a corrupt world.

Sukkot Torah Readings in a Nutshell

Happy Sukkot! card (1402012)

The reading begins with an injunction that a newborn calf, lamb, or kid must be left with its mother for seven days; one may not slaughter an animal and its offspring on the same day.

The reading then lists the annual Callings of Holiness — the festivals of the Jewish calendar: the weekly Shabbat; the bringing of the Passover offering on 14 Nissan; the seven-day Passover festival beginning on 15 Nissan; the bringing of the Omer offering from the first barley harvest on the 2nd day of Passover, and the commencement, on that day, of the 49-day Counting of the Omer, culminating in the festival of Shavuot on the 50th day; a “remembrance of shofar blowing” on 1 Tishrei; a solemn fast day on 10 Tishrei; the Sukkot festival — during which we are to dwell in huts for seven days and take the “Four Kinds” — beginning on 15 Tishrei; and the immediately following holiday of the “8th day” of Sukkot (Shemini Atzeret).

G‑d declares the fifteenth day (and the subsequent 6 days) of the seventh month to be a holy convocation, no work shall be done during that time. The reading then describes the Sukkot offerings which were brought in the Holy Temple.

Haazinu in a Nutshell

The greater part of the Torah reading of Haazinu (“Listen In”) consists of a 70-line “song” delivered by Moses to the people of Israel on the last day of his earthly life.

Calling heaven and earth as witnesses, Moses exhorts the people, “Remember the days of old / Consider the years of many generations / Ask your father, and he will recount it to you / Your elders, and they will tell you” how G‑d “found them in a desert land,” made them a people, chose them as His own, and bequeathed them a bountiful land. The song also warns against the pitfalls of plenty—“Yeshurun grew fat and kicked / You have grown fat, thick and rotund / He forsook G‑d who made him / And spurned the Rock of his salvation”—and the terrible calamities that would result, which Moses describes as G‑d “hiding His face.” Yet in the end, he promises, G‑d will avenge the blood of His servants, and be reconciled with His people and land.

The Parshah concludes with G‑d’s instruction to Moses to ascend the summit of Mount Nebo, from which he will behold the Promised Land before dying on the mountain. “For you shall see the land opposite you; but you shall not go there, into the land which I give to the children of Israel.”

Please see also here: haazinu-hebr

 
We added new item – Parashat Vayakhel – Wisdom of the Crowd
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Jewish Community and Cultural Center in Doboj

We are dedicated to the preservation of the Jewish religion, tradition and identity in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to the preservation and promotion of peace, cultural and economic cooperation among all nations in Bosnia and Herzegovina.Our vision is to promote good interpersonal and interfaith relations, tolerance and compromise between peoples and eradicate racial, religious, ethnic or any other form of discrimination.

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